Piriformis Syndrome

What is Piriformis Syndrome?

The piriformis muscle is deep in the buttocks and helps with rotating the hip. The sciatic nerve typically dives underneath the piriformis muscle as it makes it way down to the leg. In about 20% of people, the sciatic nerve pierces through the piriformis muscle deep in the buttock instead of under it. This can make the sciatic nerve more susceptible to irritation and pressure from the piriformis muscle.

With excessive sitting, loss of movement in the hips, or trauma, the piriformis muscle can press down onto the sciatic nerve. Typically, mild symptoms cause aching deep into the buttock and often radiating pain to the outer thigh. With more severe cases, tingling, numbness or severe pain can radiate down the thigh to the foot.

How physical therapy helps:

Physical therapy is very effective in treating piriformis syndrome. By analyzing your hip range of motion, muscle strength, flexibility, walking, and posture we can determine the right approach to treating the affected area. With specialized hands-on therapy and specific exercises, Bay State Physical Therapy can help you regain lost range of motion, reduce pain, and improve symptoms into the leg.

We instruct you in the performance of exercises and activity modifications that you can do at home to prevent the recurrence of symptoms. Call Bay State Physical Therapy today to learn more how we can help you relieve the pain and symptoms from piriformis syndrome.